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Substance use framed as situational action
Stockholm University.
2015 (English)Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Introduction Over the years the research field of substance use has become immense and to some extent divided and specialized. The interdisciplinary characteristic of the field increases this distinction. Rooted in analytical sociology/criminology, the argument in this paper is to incorporate these various aspects into a common theoretical framework: the Situational Action Theory (SAT). A common framework helps determine what the causes are and which one is most important. Methods  A full systematic literature review of a whole research field as large as that of substance use is impossible. The aim was however to identify the most important theories of the field suggested to explain why people use substances, and to perform this search as systematic as possible.  Results  The research field of substance use came out as scattered. Three central theoretical traits were however identified, suggesting that people's substance use is affected by laws and policies in society, norms and behaviours of others and people's individual characteristics. It further demonstrated that the diversity restrain the potential of knowing what matters most. SAT give credit to all explanations, suggesting that individual and environmental factors matters, but argues that the interaction between them is most important. Conclusion SAT fits very well with many of the earlier theories used to explain substance use; furthermore it clearly states what is most important. Using SAT as the theoretical frame in relation to substance use can help us determine the real causes which might further assist in selecting between various substance use policy approaches.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Keyword [en]
Substance use, Situational Action Theory (SAT)
National Category
Social Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-122214OAI: diva2:865535
KBS 41st Symposium, Munich, Germany
Peterborough Adolescent and Young Adult Development Study (PADS+)
Available from: 2015-10-28 Created: 2015-10-28 Last updated: 2016-03-29

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Gustafsson, Nina-Katri
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Stockholm University
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