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Places and differences in young people’s vulnerability: substancegenic exposure and substance use propensity
2015 (English)Conference paper, Abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Situational Action Theory (SAT) was developed by Prof. Wikström in order to explain crimes defined as breaches of moral conducts. It has been argued that the theory can also be used to understand other behaviours which are guided by rules of conduct such as substance use. The main assumptions of SAT, captured in the PEA hypothesis, propose that substance use can be explained by substance prone people interacting with environments encouraging substance use, i.e. through the perception-choice process. In this paper it will be tested whether young people differ in their vulnerability to substancegenic exposure given their substance use propensity (personal rules of conduct and self-control). The analysis use data from the ongoing longitudinal Peterborough Adolescents and Young People Development Study (PADS+) from Phase 1 when the people were 13-17 years old. The unique space-time budget methodology in PADS+ place particular people in particular settings during particular junctures, enabling a proper testing of the key assumptions proposed by SAT i.e. of the influence the interaction between people and environment has on substance use. These data were further combined with additional data on the environmental and individual characteristics. Analysing the situations, it was expected that substance use will be most common when substance use prone people enter into settings which are substancegenic, i.e. which encourage substance use

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Keyword [en]
substance use, Situational Action Theory (SAT), propensity, environment
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-122217OAI: diva2:865543
European Society of Criminology (ESC) 15th Annual Conference, Porto, Portugal
Available from: 2015-10-28 Created: 2015-10-28 Last updated: 2016-06-22

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