Do levels of perceived stress increase with increasing age after age 65? A population-based study.
2015 (English)In: Age and Ageing, ISSN 0002-0729, E-ISSN 1468-2834, Vol. 44, no 5, 828-834 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BACKGROUND: psychological and health-related stressors often occur in advanced ages, but little is known about perceived stress in adults aged 65 and over. This study aimed to test the hypothesis that levels of perceived stress increase with increasing age and to detect factors that may account for the association.
METHODS: a dementia-free cohort of 1,656 adults aged 66-97 years living at home or in institutions, participating in the Swedish National Aging and Care study, Kungsholmen (SNAC-K) was assessed for levels of perceived stress using the 10-item perceived stress scale (PSS).
RESULTS: prevalence of high stress according to the top tertile of the population (PSS score 20+) was 7.8% in adults aged 81+ years, 7.5% in adults aged 72-78 and 6.2% in adults aged 66 years (P = 0.020). More women than men reported high stress, 8.3 versus 5.4% (P = 0.001). Levels of stress increased with increasing age (P = 0.001) in the linear regression model. This association remained after adjustment for demographic and psychosocial factors, but no longer was present after adjusting for health-related factors.
CONCLUSION: health-related stress is highly prevalent in older adults and seems to play an important role in the association between levels of perceived stress and age in older adults.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 44, no 5, 828-834 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-122227DOI: 10.1093/ageing/afv078PubMedID: 26187986Local ID: P-3275OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-122227DiVA: diva2:865556