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Fairness on the Internet and its Importance in Development Context
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
2008 (English)Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The notion of fairness with respect to resource sharing among the competing flows is one of the important considerations in network design. This is true in particular for IP networks (which are the foundation of the Internet), where the service model is based on best effort and any possible distortion of it may lead to flow starvation and eventually system imbalances. In fact, fairness should be one of the major objectives both on a network layer and transport layer. This is evident in the case of elastic flows such as TCP, where fairness may have a major impact on congestion resolution. On a network layer, fairness mechanisms combined with scheduling and queuing policies lead to equitable service, which may also induce higher router utilization and hence better network performance. The paper investigates the current trends in understanding and applying the fairness concept on the Internet and hence in heterogeneous networks. Then it studies and examines the extension of the fairness concept in the context of development and developing regions, where both the traditional lack of infrastructure and costly communication services have also affected the penetration of the Internet and more even distribution of its benefits. The key question is whether or not it is plausible to identify a framework for the evaluation of efficiently-fairness tradeoffs that may provide a sound basis for a model of a more equitable access to the Internet to a diversity of users with different needs and financial possibilities representing mainly developing regions and emerging economies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. 247-254 p.
Keyword [en]
Fairness, efficiency, Internet, resource sharing, hetrogenous networks
National Category
Communication Systems
Research subject
Computer and Systems Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-122291ISBN: 978-953-6071-04-3OAI: diva2:865602
19th Central European Conference on Information and Intelligent Systems
Available from: 2015-10-28 Created: 2015-10-28 Last updated: 2015-11-11Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Analytical modelling of Internet provision and usage in context of development through a utility based framework
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Analytical modelling of Internet provision and usage in context of development through a utility based framework
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Information and communication technology and development (ICTD) is a research area that has broadly captured the attention of the public and the academics in the last two decades. It deals with the interaction and the relations between the humans and the society in general on one side and the technology on the other side. The focus in this thesis is on the computing and communication technology, herein referred to as the “Internet – the IP based technology”, which is seen as one of the enablers for economic and social growth.

The benefit of the Internet connectivity and usage in inducing and enhancing positive social changes in basic dimensions of human life is generally accepted as one of the most important drivers for development. The success and the inevitability of the Internet in the developed world underline its proliferation and diffusion essential in less developed countries. However, sometimes these processes are being impaired by unintended and intended consequences created by the social dynamics that drives the current information technological innovations and evolutions, stakeholders’ desire of fulfilling one’s utility egos, all coupled with market environments.

This thesis takes an insight in both unintended and intended implications and their effects on enabling development in the environments where the Internet Protocol (IP) based infrastructures are limited like in Least Developing regions/countries.  The results of this insight study have led in;

a)      Establishing the basic Internet services that would trigger the exploitation of one’s potential for development.

This has been achieved through the use of analytical scientific methods to classify Internet traffic characteristics and derive the relevance levels of their corresponding Internet services groups in fostering development.

b)      Developing a framework that lays down structure guidelines to facilitate Decision Makers especially in least developed countries to make scientifically informed subjective judgements for Internet services in the context of development.

c)      Designing and developing of the Internet Services in the Context of Developing (ISCD) model that enables the alignment of the apparent divergent/misalignment objectives of Internet stakeholders in the present Internet structure to have their respective maximised intended benefits.

Empirical testing of the model led in setting strategic options for aligning stakeholders goals in view of the ISCD along two main domains (i) network management policies – that focuses on provisions of services, and (ii) Internet consumption/usage – that focus on services relevance, commensurability to specific requirements as pertains LDCs, and services delivery mechanism convergence to all-IP.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Computer and Systems Sciences, Stockholm University, 2015. 166 p.
Report Series / Department of Computer & Systems Sciences, ISSN 1101-8526 ; 15-018
National Category
Communication Systems
Research subject
Computer and Systems Sciences
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-122293 (URN)978-91-7649-300-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2015-12-11, L50, NOD-huset, Borgarfjordsgatan 12, Kista, 13:00 (English)

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following paper was unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 1: Manuscript.


Available from: 2015-11-19 Created: 2015-10-28 Last updated: 2015-11-16Bibliographically approved

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Gamukama, Elly Amani
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