Modeling Heterogeneous Clinical Sequence Data in Semantic Space for Adverse Drug Event Detection
(English)In: IEEE International Conference on Data Science and Advanced Analytics (DSAA), IEEE conference proceedingsConference paper (Refereed)
The enormous amounts of data that are continuously recorded in electronic health record systems offer ample opportunities for data science applications to improve healthcare. There are, however, challenges involved in using such data for machine learning, such as high dimensionality and sparsity, as well as an inherent heterogeneity that does not allow the distinct types of clinical data to be treated in an identical manner. On the other hand, there are also similarities across data types that may be exploited, e.g., the possibility of representing some of them as sequences. Here, we apply the notions underlying distributional semantics, i.e., methods that model the meaning of words in semantic (vector) space on the basis of co-occurrence information, to four distinct types of clinical data: free-text notes, on the one hand, and clinical events, in the form of diagnosis codes, drug codes and measurements, on the other hand. Each semantic space contains continuous vector representations for every unique word and event, which can then be used to create representations of, e.g., care episodes that, in turn, can be exploited by the learning algorithm. This approach does not only reduce sparsity, but also takes into account, and explicitly models, similarities between various items, and it does so in an entirely data-driven fashion. Here, we report on a series of experiments using the random forest learning algorithm that demonstrate the effectiveness, in terms of accuracy and area under ROC curve, of the proposed representation form over the commonly used bag-of-items counterpart. The experiments are conducted on 27 real datasets that each involves the (binary) classification task of detecting a particular adverse drug event. It is also shown that combining structured and unstructured data leads to significant improvements over using only one of them.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE conference proceedings.
distributional semantics, semantic space ensembles, heterogeneous data, electronic health records, adverse drug events, predictive modeling
Computer Science Language Technology (Computational Linguistics)
Research subject Computer and Systems Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-122462OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-122462DiVA: diva2:866460
IEEE International Conference on Data Science and Advanced Analytics (DSAA), 19-21 October, Paris
ProjectsHigh-Performance Data Mining for Drug Effect Detection
FunderSwedish Foundation for Strategic Research , IIS11-0053