Do Interventions from Participatory Action Research Improve Livelihood and Reduce Conflicts Over Forest Resources? A Case Study from South Central Ethiopia
2015 (English)In: Small-scale Forestry, ISSN 1873-7617, E-ISSN 1873-7854, Vol. 14, no 4, 441-458 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Participatory action research was conducted in south central Ethiopia to understand in what ways conflict over forest use and management between the former Arsi Forest and Wildlife Enterprise and the surrounding communities could be managed. Through interviews, focus group discussions, negotiations and series of stakeholder meetings existing scenarios of conflict over forest use and management were assessed, and alternatives interventions were identified and implemented based on the principle of maximizing the goals of local development and forest conservation. A cooperative with three major alternative livelihood activities—cash-credit provision, and poultry and sheep production—was established. It was found that working with communities in collaboration can reduce conflicts over forest management and support local livelihoods. The intervention had reduced ‘illegal’ use of forest resource for income generation and domestic use while within a year the alternative livelihood activities had generated a modest income to 68 % of the individuals involved. The study also demonstrated that working with multiple stakeholders is a challenging and slow process that requires understanding the complex local socioeconomic structure and dynamics. It is concluded that participatory approaches are a better way of bringing about a change in a society where conflicts arise due to resources limitation, and could be avoided by sharing benefits and responsibilities.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 14, no 4, 441-458 p.
Arsi Negelle, Ashoka, Cooperative, Forest conservation, Rural livelihoods
Research subject Geography with Emphasis on Human Geography
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-122533DOI: 10.1007/s11842-015-9297-7ISI: 000363724800003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-122533DiVA: diva2:866951