Welfare State Context, Female Labor-market Attachment and Childbearing in Germany and Denmark
2014 (English)In: Journal of Population Research, ISSN 1443-2447, Vol. 31, no 4, 287-316 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This study investigates the role of female labor-market attachment and earnings in childbearing progressions in two very different European contexts. By applying event history techniques to German and Danish register data during 1981-2001, we demonstrate how female earnings relate to first, second and third birth propensities. Our study shows that female earnings are positively associated with first birth fertility in Denmark, while this is not the case in West Germany. We interpret our findings based on the fact that Danish social context and policy encourage women to establish themselves in the labor market before becoming a mother, while the German institutional context during the 1980s and 1990s was not geared towards encouraging maternal employment. For higher order births, the results are less clear-cut. For Denmark we find a slightly positive correlation between female earnings and second birth fertility, while the association is somewhat negative for third order births. In Germany, women tend to exit the labor market when becoming a mother. Non-employed mothers have elevated second and, in particular, third birth rates. For the group of mothers that are employed, we only find a weak association between their earnings and higher order fertility.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 31, no 4, 287-316 p.
Female Employment, Fertility, Welfare State Context, Register Data
Research subject Demography
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-122543DOI: 10.1007/s12546-014-9135-3OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-122543DiVA: diva2:867079
FunderSwedish Research Council, 349-2007-8701; 839-2008-7495