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Historic state-society relations and mobilisations surrounding extractive industries: lessons from Peru
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
Number of Authors: 1
2015 (English)In: Revue canadienne d'études du développement / Canadian Journal of Development Studies, ISSN 0225-5189, Vol. 36, no 3, 313-329 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Various researchers have sought to explain why community organisations respond differently to mining projects. One important, understudied factor is the local history of state-society relations, which shape specific collective identities as well as organisational structures. This study compares the mobilisation processes in two Peruvian mining projects: Rio Blanco in Huancabamba and Bambas in Cotabambas. The former region has a history of strong peasant self-defence organisation, and community demands have focused on local control of territory. The latter region experienced both state neglect and civil society breakdown under the Shining Path, and community demands focus on compensation and social services. The study shows that collective identities greatly affect the ability of local communities to act based on their own definition of their interests in a mining project.

Abstract [fr]

Plusieurs chercheurs ont tenté d’expliquer pourquoi les organisations communautaires diffèrent dans leurs réactions aux projets miniers. Les identités collectives et les structures organisationnelles telles que forgées par l’histoire locale des relations entre état et société ont toutefois été fort peu étudiées à cette fin. Cette étude compare les processus de mobilisation autour du projet de Rio Blanco, dans la province péruvienne de Huancabamba, et de celui de Bambas, dans la province de Cotabambas. La première région a une histoire de forte mobilisation paysanne et la collectivité y demande un contrôle local sur le territoire. L’état a négligé la deuxième région, la société civile s’y est décomposée sous la présence du Sentier lumineux et la collectivité y réclame plutôt des compensations et des services sociaux. L’étude montre que les identités collectives affectent grandement la capacité des communautés locales d’agir selon leur propre définition de leurs intérêts devant un projet minier.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 36, no 3, 313-329 p.
Keyword [en]
mining conflicts, mobilisation, state-society relations, Peru, indigenous people
National Category
Social and Economic Geography Political Science
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-122511DOI: 10.1080/02255189.2015.1019432ISI: 000362183100004OAI: diva2:867533
Available from: 2015-11-05 Created: 2015-11-03 Last updated: 2015-11-05Bibliographically approved

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Gustafsson, Maria-Therese
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