Trimeric microsomal glutathione transferase 2 displays one third of the sites reactivity
Number of Authors: 8
2015 (English)In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Proteins and Proteomics, ISSN 1570-9639, E-ISSN 1878-1454, Vol. 1854, no 10, 1365-1371 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Human microsomal glutathione transferase 2 (MGST2) is a trimeric integral membrane protein that belongs to the membrane-associated proteins in eicosanoid and glutathione metabolism (MAPEG) family. The mammalian MAPEG family consists of six members where four have been structurally determined. MGST2 activates glutathione to form a thiolate that is crucial for GSH peroxidase activity and GSH conjugation reactions with electrophilic substrates, such as 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (CDNB). Several studies have shown that MGST2 is able to catalyze a GSH conjugation reaction with the epoxide LTA(4) forming the pro-inflammatory LTC4. Unlike its closest homologue leukotriene C-4 synthase (LTC4S), MGST2 appears to activate its substrate GSH using only one of the three potential active sites [Ahmad S, et al. (2013) Biochemistry. 52, 1755-1764]. In order to demonstrate and detail the mechanism of one-third of the sites reactivity of MGST2, we have determined the enzyme oligomeric state, by Blue native PAGE and Differential Scanning Calorimetry, as well as the stoichiometty of substrate and substrate analog inhibitor binding to MGST2, using equilibrium dialysis and Isothermal Titration Calorimetry, respectively. Global simulations were used to fit kinetic data to determine the catalytic mechanism of MGST2 with GSH and CDNB (1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene) as substrates. The best fit was observed with 1/3 of the sites catalysis as compared with a simulation where all three sites were active. In contrast to LTC4S, MGST2 displays a 1/3 the sites reactivity, a mechanism shared with the more distant family member MGST1 and recently suggested also for microsomal prostaglandin E synthase-1.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 1854, no 10, 1365-1371 p.
Microsomal glutathione transferase 2, Leukotriene C-4 synthase, Pre-steady state kinetics, Thiolate anion, MAPEG protein family, Global data fitting
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-122748DOI: 10.1016/j.bbapap.2015.06.003ISI: 000362307500014OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-122748DiVA: diva2:871750