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Synchronous failure: the emerging causal architecture of global crisis
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Stellenbosch University, South Africa.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Sweden.
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Number of Authors: 11
2015 (English)In: Ecology & society, ISSN 1708-3087, E-ISSN 1708-3087, Vol. 20, no 3, 6Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Recent global crises reveal an emerging pattern of causation that could increasingly characterize the birth and progress of future global crises. A conceptual framework identifies this pattern's deep causes, intermediate processes, and ultimate outcomes. The framework shows how multiple stresses can interact within a single social-ecological system to cause a shift in that system's behavior, how simultaneous shifts of this kind in several largely discrete social-ecological systems can interact to cause a far larger intersystemic crisis, and how such a larger crisis can then rapidly propagate across multiple system boundaries to the global scale. Case studies of the 2008-2009 financial-energy and food-energy crises illustrate the framework. Suggestions are offered for future research to explore further the framework's propositions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 20, no 3, 6
Keyword [en]
climate change, conventional oil, financial system, global crisis, grain supply, social-ecological system
National Category
Biological Sciences Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-123201DOI: 10.5751/ES-07681-200306ISI: 000362913100015OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-123201DiVA: diva2:872403
Available from: 2015-11-18 Created: 2015-11-18 Last updated: 2016-02-02Bibliographically approved

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Biggs, ReinetteFolke, CarlPeterson, Garry D.Rockström, JohanTroell, Max
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