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Synchronous failure: the emerging causal architecture of global crisis
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Stellenbosch University, South Africa.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0300-4149
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Sweden.
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Number of Authors: 11
2015 (English)In: Ecology & society, ISSN 1708-3087, E-ISSN 1708-3087, Vol. 20, no 3, article id 6Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Recent global crises reveal an emerging pattern of causation that could increasingly characterize the birth and progress of future global crises. A conceptual framework identifies this pattern's deep causes, intermediate processes, and ultimate outcomes. The framework shows how multiple stresses can interact within a single social-ecological system to cause a shift in that system's behavior, how simultaneous shifts of this kind in several largely discrete social-ecological systems can interact to cause a far larger intersystemic crisis, and how such a larger crisis can then rapidly propagate across multiple system boundaries to the global scale. Case studies of the 2008-2009 financial-energy and food-energy crises illustrate the framework. Suggestions are offered for future research to explore further the framework's propositions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 20, no 3, article id 6
Keyword [en]
climate change, conventional oil, financial system, global crisis, grain supply, social-ecological system
National Category
Biological Sciences Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-123201DOI: 10.5751/ES-07681-200306ISI: 000362913100015OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-123201DiVA, id: diva2:872403
Available from: 2015-11-18 Created: 2015-11-18 Last updated: 2018-01-26Bibliographically approved

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Biggs, ReinetteFolke, CarlPeterson, Garry D.Rockström, JohanTroell, Max
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