Chemical compositions of solid particles present in the Greenland NEEM ice core over the last 110,000 years
Number of Authors: 9
2015 (English)In: Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, ISSN 2169-897X, E-ISSN 2169-8996, Vol. 120, no 18, 9789-9813 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This study reports the chemical composition of particles present along Greenland's North Greenland Eemian Ice Drilling (NEEM) ice core, back to 110,000years before present. Insoluble and soluble particles larger than 0.45 mu m were extracted from the ice core by ice sublimation, and their chemical composition was analyzed using scanning electron microscope and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and micro-Raman spectroscopy. We show that the dominant insoluble components are silicates, whereas NaCl, Na2SO4, CaSO4, and CaCO3 represent major soluble salts. For the first time, particles of CaMg(CO3)(2) and Ca(NO3)(2)center dot 4H(2)O are identified in a Greenland ice core. The chemical speciation of salts varies with past climatic conditions. Whereas the fraction of Na salts (NaCl+Na2SO4) exceeds that of Ca salts (CaSO4+CaCO3) during the Holocene (0.6-11.7kyr B.P.), the two fractions are similar during the BOlling-AllerOd period (12.9-14.6kyr B.P.). During cold climate such as over the Younger Dryas (12.0-12.6kyr B.P.) and the Last Glacial Maximum (15.0-26.9kyr B.P.), the fraction of Ca salts exceeds that of Na salts, showing that the most abundant ion generally controls the salt budget in each period. High-resolution analyses reveal changing particle compositions: those in Holocene ice show seasonal changes, and those in LGM ice show a difference between cloudy bands and clear layers, which again can be largely explained by the availability of ionic components in the atmospheric aerosol body of air masses reaching Greenland.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 120, no 18, 9789-9813 p.
ice core, aerosol, Greenland, NEEM, chemical composition, particles
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-123340DOI: 10.1002/2015JD023290ISI: 000363425900044OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-123340DiVA: diva2:874218