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Trends in Deep Poverty from 1968 to 2011: The Influence of Family Structure, Employment Patterns, and the Safety Net
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
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2015 (English)In: RSF: The Russell Sage Foundation Journal of the Social Sciences, ISSN 2377-8253, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 14-34Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper examines the changing face of deep poverty in the United States over the past fifty years and the role of family structure, employment patterns, and governmental taxes and transfers in explaining these trends. Using a newly developed historical measure of poverty based on the Census Bureau's supplemental poverty measure, we find that deep poverty rates have been fairly constant over the past fifty years, both overall and for families with children. In view of changes in family structure and government policy over this period, the intransigence of deep poverty is surprising. However, this overall stability obscures changes in the demographics of individuals and families in deep poverty, as well as the role of government policy. Governmental transfers reduce the risk of deep poverty for all subgroups examined, but the significance and the role of these programs have changed over time.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 1, no 1, p. 14-34
Keywords [en]
historical Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM), historical poverty trends, antipoverty programs
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-123746OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-123746DiVA, id: diva2:876563
Available from: 2015-12-04 Created: 2015-12-04 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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