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A double molecular disc in the triple-barred starburst galaxy NGC 6946: structure and stability
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Astronomy. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).
Number of Authors: 2
2015 (English)In: Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, ISSN 0035-8711, E-ISSN 1365-2966, Vol. 451, no 3, 3107-3116 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The late-type spiral galaxy NGC 6946 is a prime example of molecular gas dynamics driven by 'bars within bars'. Here, we use data from the BIMA Survey of Nearby Galaxies and HERA CO-Line Extragalactic Survey to analyse the structure and stability of its molecular disc. Our radial profiles exhibit a clear transition at distance R similar to 1 kpc from the galaxy centre. In particular, the surface density profile breaks at R approximate to 0.8 kpc and is well fitted by a double exponential distribution with scalelengths R-1 approximate to 200 pc and R-2 approximate to 3 kpc, while the 1D velocity dispersion sigma decreases steeply in the central kpc and is approximately constant at larger radii. The fact that we derive and use the full radial profile of sigma rather than a constant value is perhaps the most novel feature of our stability analysis. We show that the profile of the Q stability parameter traced by CO emission is remarkably flat and well above unity, while the characteristic instability wavelength exhibits clear signatures of the nuclear starburst and inner bar within bar. We also show that CO-dark molecular gas, stars and other factors can play a significant role in the stability scenario of NGC 6946. Our results provide strong evidence that gravitational instability, radial inflow and disc heating have driven the formation of the inner structures and the dynamics of molecular gas in the central kpc.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 451, no 3, 3107-3116 p.
Keyword [en]
instabilities, ISM: kinematics and dynamics, galaxies: individual: NGC 6946, galaxies: ISM, galaxies: kinematics and dynamics, galaxies: structure
National Category
Physical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-121686DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stv1220ISI: 000360833700067OAI: diva2:876770
Available from: 2015-12-04 Created: 2015-10-13 Last updated: 2015-12-04Bibliographically approved

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Fathi, Kambiz
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