In relation to many other parts of Northern Europe – which had seen an upsurge in radical left-libertarian activism, squatting of houses and urban unrest at the turn of the 1980s – similar repertoires of action and movements remained a quite marginal phenomenon in Sweden. It was not until the late 1980s a new generation of younger activists, with their roots in the anarchist milieu, formed the basis for a radical squatters and autonomist movement, similar to the movements that had developed throughout Europe almost a decade earlier.
Starting out from social movement theory five tentative explanations are elaborated in order to explain to why the forms of activism developed as late as they did, answering the question of why it didn’t happen here. The chapter is based on an in-depth analysis of movement documents and semi-structured interviews with activists.
The chapter discusses how 1) economy, 2) social democratic hegemony, 3) consensus based repertoires of action, 4) legacy of socialist and communist movements, and 5) activist frames all play important roles in explaining the development and transformations of the anarchist movement in the 1980s and early 1990s.
Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015. 97-112 p.