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Beyond ICT: How industrial design could contribute to HCI research
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences.
2015 (English)In: Swedish Design Research Journal, ISSN 2000-964X, no 1, 22-29 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

This paper takes an industrial design practitioner perspective to reflect on the articulation of ’design’ in Human Com- puter Interaction (HCI) research – one of several research fields, articulating and contributing to design knowledge. The paper critically reflects on the importance of more holistic perspectives for design activities, and the articulation of design in HCI research. We argue that industri- al design practitioners can contribute to HCI research by broadening the design knowledge and the practice within the field not to view ICT as a self-evident part of either a solution or as a tool in the pro- cess of specifying the problem or finding a solution. This may not only improve the articulation of design and design activities, but more importantly point towards an opportunity to support more socially and environmentally sustainable solutions in society.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. no 1, 22-29 p.
National Category
Information Systems
Research subject
Man-Machine-Interaction (MMI)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-123928DOI: 10.3384/svid.2000-964X.15122OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-123928DiVA: diva2:878572
Available from: 2015-12-09 Created: 2015-12-09 Last updated: 2016-05-11Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Understanding Complex Problems in Healthcare: By Applying a Free-Flowing Design Practice
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Understanding Complex Problems in Healthcare: By Applying a Free-Flowing Design Practice
2016 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Healthcare in Sweden is in need of a transformation. The increase of chronic conditions poses a great challenge to the organisational structure of healthcare, which still largely remains based on acute, rather than chronic care. Development in the healthcare realm is commonly conducted in fragmented processes and from the professions', rather than the patients', perspective.

A new type of design methodology has in recent years entered the field of healthcare development and innovation. It has progressively been used to enable the reorganisation of the healthcare system itself rather than solely developing artefacts, IT-systems or services within it. This thesis focuses on problems that can be described as open, complex, dynamic, networked, or wicked. The following research questions are investigated:

   I.     How can designers' competence contribute to healthcare innovation?

 II.     How can designers support the identification of complex problems in healthcare?

Empirical data were collected during two healthcare innovation projects in which the author took an active role as both designer and researcher. The research work was based on qualitative data that were gathered using ethnographic methodology (i.e., interviews, participant observation and field notes). The data were analysed using open coding principles and activity theory.

The results highlighted the valuable role of free-flowing design practice, supporting a thorough understanding of complex problems. The free-flowing design practice entails that the problem space and the solution space co-evolve. These spaces expand iteratively, continuously affecting each other while redefining problems in search of solutions that aim at radical innovation and not merely incremental ameliorations.

Abstract [sv]

Hälso- och sjukvården är i behov av förändring. Ökningen av kroniska tillstånd utgör en stor utmaning för sjukvårdsorganisationens struktur som fortfarande till stor del baseras på akut, snarare än kronisk vård. Sjukvårdsutveckling sker ofta i fragmenterade processer, och utifrån professioners, snarare än patienters perspektiv.

En ny typ av designmetodologi har på senare år börjat tillämpas för att utveckla och skapa innovationer inom hälso- och sjukvården. Den har allt mer börjat användas för att utveckla sjukvårdsorganisationen i sig, snarare än att bara utveckla dess produkter, IT-system eller tjänster. Avhandlingen fokuserar på problem som kan beskrivas som öppna, komplexa, föränderliga, sammanlänkade eller 'wicked' [onda]. Följande forskningsfrågor undersöks:

   I.     Hur kan designers kompetens bidra till innovation inom hälso-och sjukvården?

 II.     Hur kan designers bidra till att identifiera komplexa problem inom hälso- och sjukvården?

Empirisk data har samlats in i samband med två innovationsprojekt inom sjukvården där författaren haft en aktiv roll som såväl designer som forskare. Forskningen baseras på kvalitativ data som har samlats in genom etnografisk metodologi (dvs. intervjuer, deltagande observationer och fältanteckningar). Datan har analyserats enligt 'open coding'-principer och aktivitetsteori.

Resultaten lyfter fram värdet av en 'free-flowing design practice' [fritt föränderlig designpraktik] för att förstå komplexa problem. Den fritt föränderliga designpraktiken medför att problem-rymden och lösnings-rymden sam-utvecklas. Dessa rymder expanderar iterativt, medan de kontinuerligt påverkar varandra mot en omdefiniering av problem, i syfte att hitta lösningar som kan leda till radikal innovation, snarare än bara inkrementella förbättringar.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Stockholm University, Department of Computer and Systems sciences, 2016. 89 p.
Series
Report Series / Department of Computer & Systems Sciences, ISSN 1101-8526 ; 16-005
National Category
Human Computer Interaction
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-129710 (URN)
Presentation
2016-05-18, L 30, Borgarfjordsgatan 12, Kista, 14:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-04-28 Created: 2016-04-27 Last updated: 2016-05-11Bibliographically approved

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