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Metabolic responses of the deep-water sponge Geodia barretti to suspended bottom sediment, simulated mine tailings and drill cuttings
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Number of Authors: 6
2015 (English)In: Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, ISSN 0022-0981, E-ISSN 1879-1697, Vol. 473, 64-72 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Northeast Atlantic sponge beds are recognized as local hotspots for biodiversity and nutrient cycling. Despite their important functional role little is known about their sensitivity to effluents from the expanding hydrocarbon-, mining- and bottom trawling industry. Here, data on physiological and biological responses of the common demosponge Geodia barretti to short (4 h) and long-term (50 day) cyclic exposure of suspended particles are presented. The laboratory study showed that 4 hour pulse exposures with crushed rock particles at 500 mg l(-1) caused a 50% drop in oxygen consumption but with a quick recovery to pre-exposure oxygen consumption once suspended sediment loads returned to background levels. Long-term cyclic exposure (12 h each 24 h) for 29 days caused a permanent drop in oxygen consumption with 60% in sponges exposed to 50 mg l(-1) of crushed rock but with no apparent effect on the energy content of the sponge. Oxygen consumption and energy content of sponges exposed to natural bottom sediments at the same concentration remained unchanged. In conclusion, G. barretti appears to have well developed mechanisms to resist sediment stress, however, the study demonstrated that operations releasing large amounts of suspended crushed rock such as exploration drilling and submarine tailings disposal near sponge beds should be carefully planned to avoid long-term losses of benthic ecosystem functions, such as organic matter re-mineralization.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 473, 64-72 p.
Keyword [en]
Northeast Atlantic, Porifera, Sedimentation
National Category
Biological Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-124167DOI: 10.1016/j.jembe.2015.07.017ISI: 000364259000008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-124167DiVA: diva2:889240
Available from: 2015-12-22 Created: 2015-12-15 Last updated: 2015-12-22Bibliographically approved

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Tjensvoll, Ingrid
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Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences
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