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NEUTRINO-DRIVEN WINDS IN THE AFTERMATH OF A NEUTRON STAR MERGER: NUCLEOSYNTHESIS AND ELECTROMAGNETIC TRANSIENTS
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Number of Authors: 6
2015 (English)In: Astrophysical Journal, ISSN 0004-637X, E-ISSN 1538-4357, Vol. 813, no 1, 2Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We present a comprehensive nucleosynthesis study of the neutrino-driven wind in the aftermath of a binary neutron star merger. Our focus is the initial remnant phase when a massive central neutron star is present. Using tracers from a recent hydrodynamical simulation, we determine total masses and integrated abundances to characterize the composition of unbound matter. We find that the nucleosynthetic yields depend sensitively on both the life time of the massive neutron star and the polar angle. Matter in excess of up to 9 x 10(-3) M-circle dot becomes unbound until similar to 200 ms. Due to electron fractions of Y-e approximate to 0.2-0.4, mainly nuclei with mass numbers A < 130 are synthesized, complementing the yields from the earlier dynamic ejecta. Mixing scenarios with these two types of ejecta can explain the abundance pattern in r-process enriched metal-poor stars. Additionally, we calculate heating rates for the decay of the freshly produced radioactive isotopes. The resulting light curve peaks in the blue band after about 4 hr. Furthermore, high opacities due to heavy r-process nuclei in the dynamic ejecta lead to a second peak in the infrared after 3-4 days.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 813, no 1, 2
Keyword [en]
accretion, accretion disks, neutrinos, nuclear reactions, nucleosynthesis, abundances, stars: neutron
National Category
Physical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-124797DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/813/1/2ISI: 000365284100002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-124797DiVA: diva2:890738
Available from: 2016-01-04 Created: 2016-01-04 Last updated: 2016-01-04Bibliographically approved

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Korobkin, OlegRosswog, Stephan
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The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC)Department of Astronomy
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