Energy has been recognized in recent decades as a key driving force for sustainable
development. Access to reliable and affordable energy supports income-generating
activity, increases productivity and promotes sustainable livelihoods. Poor people
around the world, particularly subsistence farmers living in rural areas in developing
countries, often lack adequate access to basic infrastructure, electricity and modern
fuels. They depend heavily on traditional biomass to meet their energy needs, causing
serious health impacts, contributing to degradation of forest resources and lowering
household productivity. Improved energy access and more effective delivery of
energy services - including through the use of modern bioenergy - offers opportunities
to contribute to poverty reduction and rural development. This chapter provides an
overview of the relationships between energy and its role in poverty reduction, focusing
especially on the role of modern bioenergy and on rural areas.
Paris: Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment (SCOPE) , 2015. 711-728 p.