Carbon and oxygen isotopes of bulk carbonate in sediment deposited beneath the eastern equatorial Pacific over the last 8 million years
Number of Authors: 4
2015 (English)In: Paleoceanography, ISSN 0883-8305, E-ISSN 1944-9186, Vol. 30, no 10, 1261-1286 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
To improve the understanding and utility of bulk carbonate stable carbon and oxygen isotope measurements, we examine sediment from cores in the eastern equatorial Pacific that span the last 8Ma. We measured C-13 and O-18 in 791 samples from Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Site U1338 and Deep Sea Drilling Project Site 573, both located close to the Pacific equator. In 100 samples, we measured C-13 and O-18 on isolated <63 mu m and <38 mu m fractions, which concentrates calcareous nannofossil carbonate and progressively excludes foraminiferal carbonate. Bulk carbonate C-13 and O-18 records are similar to published records from other sites drilled near the equator and seem to reflect mixed layer conditions, albeit with some important caveats involving the precipitation of calcite by coccolithophores. The comparatively lower C-13 and O-18 of the <63 mu m and <38 mu m fractions in sediments younger than 4.4Ma is attributed to an increase in deep-dwelling planktic foraminifera material in bulk carbonate, shifting the bulk isotopic signals toward higher values. Bulk carbonate C-13 is similar over 2500km along the Pacific equator, suggesting covarying concentrations and C-13 of dissolved inorganic carbon within surface waters since 8Ma. Greater bulk sediment C-13 and O-18, higher sedimentation rates, and low content of coarse material suggest intensified wind-driven upwelling and enhanced primary productivity along the Pacific equator between 8.0 and 4.4Ma, although a full understanding of bulk carbonate records will require extensive future work.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 30, no 10, 1261-1286 p.
eastern equatorial Pacific, late Miocene-early Pliocene high productivity, carbon and oxygen isotopes, bulk carbonate, sediment size fractions
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-125028DOI: 10.1002/2015PA002825ISI: 000366061400003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-125028DiVA: diva2:891497