Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
The unknown terrain of social protests in China: ‘Exit', ‘Voice', ‘Loyalty', and ‘Shadow’
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Asian, Middle Eastern and Turkish Studies, Chinese Studies.
2015 (English)In: Journal of Civil Society, ISSN 1744-8689, E-ISSN 1744-8697, Vol. 11, no 2, 137-153 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

As many as 180,000 social protests may take place in China every year. How should we conceptualize and explain the widespread phenomenon of social protests that take place in a situation where civil society is generally described as contained? An investigation of the Wukan incident, a specific protest that caught worldwide attention in 2011, shed new light on this paradox. The findings theorized in line with Albert Hirschman's concepts of ‘voice', ‘exit', and ‘loyalty’ point to the existence of a fourth strategy and condition, ‘shadow', introduced to better understand the actually existing non-registered groups that operate in the unofficial civic domain.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 11, no 2, 137-153 p.
Keyword [en]
Civil society, China
National Category
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalization Studies)
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-125052DOI: 10.1080/17448689.2015.1052229OAI: diva2:891533
Challenging state power in China: The formation of new citizen norms in emerging civil society
Swedish Research Council, 2010-2294
Available from: 2016-01-07 Created: 2016-01-07 Last updated: 2016-01-07Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Lagerkvist, Johan
By organisation
Chinese Studies
In the same journal
Journal of Civil Society
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalization Studies)

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 18 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link