Handling interference between work and family: do gender and socioeconomic status matter and could control at work and at home help?
2015 (English)Conference paper, Abstract (Other academic)
Purpose: This study investigated how gender and social position were associated with work-family interference (WFI) and family-work interference (FWI) and how control at work and at home related to WFI and FWI for women and men with different social positions. Method: Data from the Whitehall II study collected 1991-1993 and 1997-1999 among 3484 (827 women and 2657 men) British Civil servants in three employment grades were analyzed. Results: Women reported a higher risk of WFI and FWI. There was a gradient in WFI, showing that employees with higher grades reported more WFI. Interactions indicated a stronger gradient in WFI and FWI among women. Low control at work related to more WFI and low control at home related to more WFI and FWI among all groups of employees. Limitations: The data were collected some years ago among British Civil servants, which limit generalizability. There were few women in the high and middle grades and few men in the low grade which reduced the power to analyze gender and grade differences. Implications: Employees in high positions, especially women, could have more difficulties in combining work and family, which might influence their career choices and health. The importance of control at home indicates that the home sphere has to be considered in further research and practical work. Originality: Only few studies investigate gender and status differences in relation to WFI and FWI. Studies that include both control at work and at home in relation to WFI and FWI are scarce.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
control at work, control at home, work family interference
Research subject Psychology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-125200OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-125200DiVA: diva2:892092
17th EAWOP Congress. Oslo, Norway, May 20-23, 2015.