Characterization of a Hemoglobin Adduct from Ethyl Vinyl Ketone Detected in Human Blood Samples
Number of Authors: 4
2015 (English)In: Chemical Research in Toxicology, ISSN 0893-228X, E-ISSN 1520-5010, Vol. 28, no 11, 2120-2129 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Electrophiles have the ability to form adducts to nudeophilic sites in proteins and DNA. Internal exposure to such compounds thus constitutes a risk for toxic effects. Screening of adducts using mass spectrometric methods by adductomic approaches offers possibilities to detect unknown electrophiles present in tissues. Previously, we employed untargeted adductomics to detect 19 unknown adducts to N-terminal valine in hemoglobin (Hb) in human blood. This article describes the characterization of one of these adducts, which was identified as the adduct from ethyl vinyl ketone (EVK). The mean adduct level was 40 +/- 12 pmol/g Hb in 12 human blood samples; adduct levels from acrylamide (AA) and methyl vinyl ketone (MVK) were quantified for comparison. Using L-valine p-nitroanilide (Val-pNA), introduced as a model of the N-terminal valine, the rate of formation of the EVK adduct was studied, and the rate constant determined to 200 M(-1)h(-1) at 37 degrees C. In blood, the reaction rate was too fast to be feasibly measured, EVK showing a half-life <1 min. Parallel experiments with AA and MVK showed that the two vinyl ketones react approximately 2 x 10(3) times faster than AA. The EVK-Hb adduct was found to be unstable, with a half-life of 7.6 h. From the mean adduct level measured in human blood, a daily dose (area under the concentration-time-curve, AUC) of 7 nMh EVK was estimated. The AUC of AA from intake via food is about 20 times higher. EVK is naturally present in a wide range of foods and is also used as a food additive. Most probably, naturally formed EVK is a major source to observed adducts. Evaluation of available toxicological data and information on occurrence of EVK indicate that further studies of EVK are motivated. This study illustrates a quantitative strategy in the initial evaluation of the significance of an adduct detected through adduct screening.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 28, no 11, 2120-2129 p.
Chemical Sciences Pharmacology and Toxicology
Research subject Environmental Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-125010DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemrestox.5b00287ISI: 000364980800008PubMedID: 26447499OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-125010DiVA: diva2:893392