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Risk Gambling and Personality: Results from a Representative Swedish Sample
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD).
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD).
Number of Authors: 2
2015 (English)In: Journal of Gambling Studies, ISSN 1050-5350, E-ISSN 1573-3602, Vol. 31, no 4, 1287-1295 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The association between personality and gambling has been explored previously. However, few studies are based on representative populations. This study aimed at examining the association between risk gambling and personality in a representative Swedish population. A random Swedish sample (N = 19,530) was screened for risk gambling using the Lie/Bet questionnaire. The study sample (N = 257) consisted of those screening positive on Lie/Bet and completing a postal questionnaire about gambling and personality (measured with the NODS-PERC and the HP5i respectively). Risk gambling was positively correlated with Negative Affectivity (a facet of Neuroticism) and Impulsivity (an inversely related facet of Conscientiousness), but all associations were weak. When taking age and gender into account, there were no differences in personality across game preference groups, though preferred game correlated with level of risk gambling. Risk gamblers scored lower than the population norm data with respect to Negative Affectivity, but risk gambling men scored higher on Impulsivity. The association between risk gambling and personality found in previous studies was corroborated in this study using a representative sample. We conclude that risk and problem gamblers should not be treated as a homogeneous group, and prevention and treatment interventions should be adapted according to differences in personality, preferred type of game and the risk potential of the games.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 31, no 4, 1287-1295 p.
Keyword [en]
Gambling, Risk gambling, Problem gambling, Gambling disorder, Personality, Big five
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-124725DOI: 10.1007/s10899-014-9473-2ISI: 000365283000013PubMedID: 24880745OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-124725DiVA: diva2:894509
Available from: 2016-01-15 Created: 2016-01-04 Last updated: 2016-10-18Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Beyond Recreational Gambling: a Psychological Perspective on Risk- and Problem Gambling
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Beyond Recreational Gambling: a Psychological Perspective on Risk- and Problem Gambling
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The general aim of this thesis was to examine risk gambling in the general population from a psychological perspective. This was done in three studies targeting personality, risky alcohol habits and gambling motives, respectively. Initially, 19 530 randomly assigned Swedish citizens were screened for problem gambling via telephone using the two questions in the Lie/Bet questionnaire. This sample constitutes the basis for one of the studies in the thesis. For the other studies, individuals answering yes to one of the questions in the Lie/Bet questionnaire and agreeing to participate further were sent a postal questionnaire. The questionnaire included questions about gambling, personality and gambling motives.

 

Some of the main results showed that:

  • Negative consequences of gambling were associated with higher levels of impulsivity and negative affectivity.
  • Risk gamblers reported lower levels of negative affectivity compared to the general population.
  • Compared to non-risk gamblers, twice as many of the risk gamblers reported weekly binge drinking during the past 12 months. This association, however, seemed to be explained by shared demographic characteristics, rather than by the risk gambling causing binge drinking.
  • High risk gamblers more often reported that they gambled for the challenge and for coping reasons, compared to low risk gamblers.
  • High risk gamblers had overall stronger motives for gambling.
  • The results also indicated that the level of risk gambling was highly intertwined with gambling motives and could explain some differences in gambling motives between, for example, women/men and younger/older gamblers.

One of the focal points in the discussion was that higher levels of negative affectivity may be a cause of elevated problems rather than a cause of risk gambling. Another issue discussed was that the level of risk- /problem gambling may be important to consider when comparing gambling motives across subgroups of gamblers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, 2016. 83 p.
Keyword
risk gambling, problem gambling, gambling motives, personality
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-134623 (URN)978-91-7649-539-1 (ISBN)978-91-7649-540-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2016-12-02, David Magnussonsalen (U31), Frescati Hagväg 8, Stockholm, 10:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-11-09 Created: 2016-10-12 Last updated: 2017-01-23Bibliographically approved

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