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Scavenging of black carbon in Chilean coastal fogs
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Meteorology .
Number of Authors: 4
2016 (English)In: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026, Vol. 541, 341-347 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In November/December 2013 a pilot experiment on aerosol/fog interaction was conducted on a coastal hill in the suburbs of Valparaiso, Chile. Passages of garua fog were monitored with continuous recordings of a soot photometer and an optical aerosol spectrometer. An optical fog sensor and an automatic weather station provided meteorological data with which the aerosol could be classified. High-resolution back trajectories added meteorological information. From filter samples, optical and chemical aerosol information was derived. Scavenging coefficients of black carbon (BC) and measured particulate mass below 1 mu m diameter (PM1) were estimated with three approaches. Averaging over all fog periods of the campaign yielded a scavenging coefficient of only 6% for BC and 40% for PM1. Dividing the data into four 90 degrees-wind sectors gave scavenging factors for BC ranging from 13% over the Valparaiso, Vina del Mar conurbation to 50% in the marine sector (180 degrees-270 degrees). The third, and independent approach was achieved with two pairs of chemical aerosol samples taken inside and outside fogs, which yielded a scavenging coefficient of 25% for BC and 70% for nonseasalt sulfate. Whereas fogs occurred rather infrequently in the beginning of the campaign highly regular daily fog cycles appeared towards the end of the experiment, which allowed the calculation of typical diurnal cycles of the aerosol in relation to a fog passage.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 541, 341-347 p.
Keyword [en]
Aerosol, Scavenging, Black carbon, Fogs, Chile
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-125633DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.09.057ISI: 000365289300037PubMedID: 26410708OAI: diva2:895615
Available from: 2016-01-19 Created: 2016-01-15 Last updated: 2016-01-19Bibliographically approved

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Leck, Caroline
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