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Travel behaviour change in old age: the role of critical incidents in public transport
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Perception and psychophysics.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Perception and psychophysics.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Perception and psychophysics.
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2016 (English)In: European Journal of Ageing, ISSN 1613-9372, E-ISSN 1613-9380, Vol. 13, no 1, 75-83 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Older people’s travel behaviour is affected by negative or positive critical incidents in the public transport environment. With the objective of identifying such inci- dents during whole trips and examining how travel beha- viour had changed, we have conducted in-depth interviews with 30 participants aged 65–91 years in the County of Stockholm, Sweden. Out of 469 incidents identified, 77 were reported to have resulted in travel behaviour change, 67 of them in a negative way. Most critical incidents were encountered in the physical environment on-board vehicles and at stations/stops as well as in pricing/ticketing. The findings show that more personal assistance, better driving behaviour, and swift maintenance of elevators and escala- tors are key facilitators that would improve predictability in travelling and enhance vulnerable older travellers’ feeling of security. The results demonstrate the benefit of involving different groups of end users in future planning and design, such that transport systems would meet the various needs of its end users.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Netherlands, 2016. Vol. 13, no 1, 75-83 p.
Keyword [en]
older people, travel behaviour, public transport, critical incidents, qualitative research
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-126292DOI: 10.1007/s10433-015-0358-8OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-126292DiVA: diva2:898767
Projects
Measurements enable future train travelling for everybody
Funder
Swedish Transport Administration, F09-11460/AL50Swedish Research Council Formas
Available from: 2016-01-29 Created: 2016-01-29 Last updated: 2017-11-30Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Overall Accessibility of Public Transport for Older Adults
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Overall Accessibility of Public Transport for Older Adults
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis is based on four studies that explore accessibility for older adults during whole trips by public transport. The overall goal was to gain knowledge of the interrelationships among key variables and to develop a conceptual model of the overall accessibility of public transport. More specifically, the research goals were: (a) to explore links among the key variables postulated to be involved in overall accessibility and to explore the links between these variables and railway accessibility; (b) to gain a deeper understanding of links between critical incidents in traveling and travel behavior decisions; and (c) to develop a conceptual model of overall accessibility. The key variables contributing to overall accessibility are functional ability (depending partly on the person’s functional limitation or disease), travel behavior, and barriers encountered during whole-trip traveling involving train. Respondents with more than one functional limitation or disease reported lower functional ability than did those with only one such limitation and respondents with low functional ability were less frequent travelers than were those with high functional ability. Frequent travelers reported railway accessibility to be better than did those who traveled less frequently. The main barriers were ticket cost and poor punctuality, but respondents with the lowest functional ability attributed the barriers encountered to their own health. The critical incidents most frequently reported were found in the categories “physical environment onboard vehicles” and “physical environment at stations or stops”, as well as in the “pricing and planning during ticketing” phase of the trip. Five themes of reactions to critical incidents were identified that had resulted in behavior change: firm restrictions, unpredictability, unfair treatment, complicated trips, and earlier adverse experiences. A conceptual model of overall accessibility was developed, grounded in the empirical research results. This model is summarized in the following propositions: Overall accessibility is a reciprocal relationship among the barriers/facilitators encountered, functional ability, and travel behavior. Accessibility emerges in the person–environment interaction. To understand accessibility, past experiences and future expectations should both be considered, because both will guide travel decisions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, 2016
Keyword
older persons, critical incidents, critical reactions, travel behavior, accessibility, functional limitation, functional ability, barrier, facilitator, public transport, railway travel
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-126301 (URN)978-91-7649-327-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2016-03-11, David Magnussonsalen (U31), Frescati Hagväg 8, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Projects
Measurements enable future train travelling for everybody
Funder
Swedish Transport Administration, F09-11460/AL50Swedish Research Council Formas
Available from: 2016-02-17 Created: 2016-01-29 Last updated: 2017-02-24Bibliographically approved

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