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Surface adsorption and self-assembly of Cu(II) ions on TEMPO-oxidized cellulose nanofibers in aqueous media
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK). LuleƄ University of Technology, Sweden.
Number of Authors: 3
2016 (English)In: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, ISSN 0021-9797, E-ISSN 1095-7103, Vol. 464, 175-182 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

TEMPO-mediated oxidized cellulose nanofibers (TOCNFs) have shown potential in the bioremediation of metal ions from contaminated water due to their interaction with positively charged metal ions via electrostatic interactions involving surface carboxyl groups. Copper is one of the most common pollutants in industrial effluents and is thus the target metal in the current study. The specific surface adsorption of Cu (II) was similar for TOCNFs with different degrees of functionalization and directly impacted the zeta potential. SEM imaging of the TOCNF after Cu(II) adsorption revealed interesting nanostructured clusters that were attributable to Cu(II) ions first being adsorbed by carboxylate groups on the TOCNF and subsequently being reduced and self-assembled to Cu(0) nanoparticles (NPs) or copper oxide NPs by microprecipitation. TOCNF turned superhydrophilic and resulted in faster water filtration after copper adsorption due to the stronger polarity of the copper ions or the self-assembled Cu(0) NPs creating voids or highly water-permeable channels at the interface between the interconnected TEMPO-oxidized nanofibers. Thus, the adsorption of Cu(II) ions and self-assembly into the Cu NPs on TOCNF favors a faster water purification process and provides a viable route to reuse/recycle TOCNFs studded with Cu nanoparticles as biocidal materials.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 464, 175-182 p.
Keyword [en]
Cellulose nanofibers, TEMPO modification, Metal ions, Adsorption, Self-assembly, Water purification
National Category
Chemical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-126176DOI: 10.1016/j.jcis.2015.11.033ISI: 000367029600022OAI: diva2:898907
Available from: 2016-01-29 Created: 2016-01-26 Last updated: 2016-01-29Bibliographically approved

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Mathew, Aji P.
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