Novel ferritic stainless steel formed by laser melting from duplex stainless steel powder with advanced mechanical properties and high ductility
2016 (English)In: Materials Science & Engineering: A, ISSN 0921-5093, E-ISSN 1873-4936, Vol. 665, 59-65 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Stainless steel bodies with relative density of 99.5% (with the theoretical density being 7.8gr/cm3) were manufactured by laser melting (LM) of duplex 2507SAF steel powder. The crystalline phases of starting powder were fully ferrite with only a small trace of austenite. The chemical composition was unchanged during laser melting. A unique mosaic-type structure with mosaics of 100-150 μm size was formed after LM. Recrystallized grains with 1-5 μm was formed in between the mosaic boundaries. A great number of entangled dislocation loops resembling a loops with 100-200 nm size were also formed inside each of these mosaics and also within recrystallized micron size grains at the mosaic boundary zones. Nitrogen enriched areas and nitride phase were detected in the inner microstructure of the laser melted samples. The measured tensile strength, yield strength and microhardness were 1214 MPa, 1321 MPa and 450 HV, respectively, which is superior to that of conventional ferritic, austenitic and duplex stainless steels. The Enhanced mechanical properties are due to a number of nano- and microstructure factors such as the nano-sized dislocation loops restricting dislocation movements, different crystalline grain orientation of grains within the mosaics and boundary inclusions and precipitates that inhibit slip/slide effects. Despite of high strength and hardness, the laser melted ferritic steel was very ductile according to stress-strain curves and fracture analysis.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 665, 59-65 p.
laser melting, ferritic steel, dislocation loops, nitride precipitation, mechanical properties
Research subject Materials Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-126542DOI: 10.1016/j.msea.2016.04.027ISI: 000376788000007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-126542DiVA: diva2:901038