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Racial identity and education in social networks
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics. Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), Sweden; CEPR, UK; IZA, Germany.
Number of Authors: 2
2016 (English)In: Social Networks, ISSN 0378-8733, E-ISSN 1879-2111, Vol. 44, 85-94 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We investigate identity issues to explain differences in school performance between students of different races. Using a unique dataset of friendship relationships between students in the US, we show that friendship formation can be taken as a measure of racial identity. We then find that having a higher percentage of same-race friends is associated with higher test scores for white teenagers and with lower test scores for blacks. However, the higher is the education level of a black teenager's parents, the lower is this negative association, while for whites, it is the reverse. It is thus the combination of choice of friends and parents' education that seems to be an important factor in shaping differences in school performance between students of different races but also between students of the same race.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 44, 85-94 p.
Keyword [en]
Minorities, School performance, Oppositional identities
National Category
Sociology Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-126387DOI: 10.1016/j.socnet.2015.06.001ISI: 000367423900008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-126387DiVA: diva2:901872
Available from: 2016-02-09 Created: 2016-02-01 Last updated: 2016-02-09Bibliographically approved

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Zenou, Yves
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