The constitutive expression and induction of three β-1,3-glucanases by bird cherry-oat aphid in relation to aphid resistance in 15 barley breeding lines
2016 (English)In: Arthropod-Plant Interactions, ISSN 1872-8855, E-ISSN 1872-8847, Vol. 10, no 2, 101-111 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In this study, 15 closely related barley genotypes were analyzed for the abundance of three β-1,3-glucanase transcripts immediately before and during infestation by the bird cherry-oat aphid (Rhopalosiphum padi L.). The barley lines are doubled haploid lines in backcross (BC) generations BC1 and BC2 from a cross between cultivar Lina and a wild barley accession. Previously, they have been characterized as susceptible (S) or resistant (R) to R. padi based on their ability to support nymphal growth. Here we also tested whether resistance was manifested as reduced aphid settling on the plants. Indeed, aphid numbers were lower on R than on S lines in all cases where there were significant differences between R and S lines. The choice of β-1,3-glucanase sequences is based on earlier results comparing two S and two R genotypes, suggesting that at least two of the three studied sequences are susceptibility factors. The comparisons of transcript abundance in plants with aphids showed for two of the β-1,3-glucanase sequences that there were several cases where an S genotype had significantly higher abundance than an R genotype, and in no case did an R line have significantly higher abundance than an S line. Thus, there was some support for the idea that β-1,3-glucanase sequences are susceptibility factors in the interaction between barley and R. padi.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 10, no 2, 101-111 p.
Aphid resistance, Aphid susceptibility, Rhopalosiphum padi, Hordeum vulgare
Research subject Plant Physiology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-126595DOI: 10.1007%2Fs11829-016-9415-2ISI: 000372596500002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-126595DiVA: diva2:901934