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Origin and schizophrenia in young refugees and inter-country adoptees from Latin America and East Africa in Sweden: a comparative study
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS).
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS).
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS).
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2016 (English)In: British Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 0007-1250, E-ISSN 1472-1465, no 2, 6-9 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background Migrants’ socioeconomic adversity has been linked to schizophrenia.

Aims To investigate whether the more favourable socioeconomic situation of adoptees prevents them from the high risk of schizophrenia found in other migrants.

Method Register study in a cohort of refugees and inter-country adoptees aged 16–40 years, born in East Africa (n=8389), Latin America (n=11 572) and 1.2 million native Swedes. Cox-regression models estimated hazard ratios (HRs) of schizophrenia in data from psychiatric care.

Results Despite diverse income levels, HRs for schizophrenia were similar for refugees and adoptees, with East Africans having the highest HRs: 5.83 (3.30–10.27) and 5.80 (5.03–6.70), followed by Latin Americans: HRs 3.09 (2.49–3.83) and 2.31 (1.79–2.97), compared with native Swedes. Adjustment for income decreased these risks slightly for refugees, but not for adoptees.

Conclusions This study suggests that risk factors associated with origin are more important determinants of schizophrenia than socioeconomic adversity in the country of settlement.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. no 2, 6-9 p.
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-127117DOI: 10.1192/bjpo.bp.115.002048OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-127117DiVA: diva2:906774
Available from: 2016-02-25 Created: 2016-02-25 Last updated: 2016-02-25Bibliographically approved

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Manhica, HélioAlmquist, Ylva B.Rostila, MikaelHjern, Anders
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Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS)
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Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

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