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‘Dai, da’ na mano!’ Tra il dire e il chiedere: l’uso del segnale discorsivo ’dai’ in conversazioni in famiglia
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Romance Studies and Classics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9290-4167
2015 (Italian)In: Rivista di Psicolinguistica Applicata, ISSN 1592-1328, Vol. XV, no 1, 89-103 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper analyzes the use of the Italian discourse marker ‘dai’ (English idiomatic translation : “come on”) in directive sequences between parents and children collected during family mealtime interactions. The work shows how this pragmatic device inhabits sequential contexts in which the recipient is not oriented toward the course of action to which the request refers, that is, when participants do not share the participatory framework and when resistance can be anticipated from the recipient. The paper shows the extent to which the ‘dai’ marker works as a modulator of affect (from encouragement to critique) and, at the same time, how it can open a negotiation space between parents and children as regards the management of individual responsibilities. The paper finally considers the findings in light of practices of socialization, and proposes that the marker supports a cultural preference, common in middle-class families in Western contexts, toward acknowledging the child as an agent and willful individual even in contexts in which he/she is asked to comply.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. XV, no 1, 89-103 p.
Keyword [en]
conversation analysis, talk-in-interaction, socialization, Italian, discourse markers, parent-child interaction
National Category
Languages and Literature Social Anthropology Specific Languages
Research subject
Italian
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-127192OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-127192DiVA: diva2:907291
Available from: 2016-02-26 Created: 2016-02-26 Last updated: 2017-02-15Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. L’ordine sociale a tavola: L’interazione tra genitori e figli in famiglie italiane e svedesi
Open this publication in new window or tab >>L’ordine sociale a tavola: L’interazione tra genitori e figli in famiglie italiane e svedesi
2017 (Italian)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[en]
The social order at the dinner table : The interaction between parents and children in Italian and Swedish families
Abstract [en]

This dissertation examines mealtime conversations between parents and children in eight Swedish and eight Italian middle class, dual-earner households, exploring the ways in which children are engaged in the cooperative construction of social order. The study is part of an international project (cf. Aronsson & Pontecorvo, 2002), coordinated with prior work in the US (cf. Ochs & Kremer-Sadlik, 2013).

Study I explores how children’s accounts work during family dinner conversations. So called proto-accounts (laments, multiple repeats, want-statements) and varied verbal accounts are analyzed in relation to age class or prior language socialization experiences.

Study II focuses on the use of endearment terms in directive sequences between parents and children. The findings show an asymmetrical distribution of endearment terms, in that only parents make use of them when interactional problems – children’s non-compliance with parental requests in particular – arise.  

Study III examines the ways in which Italian parents deploy the discourse marker dai (‘come on’) in directive sequences. This is a flexible linguistic resource that is employed by parents as a cajoling token when children fail to comply with parental requests, hindering the advancement of the in-progress activity.

This thesis describes family mealtimes as parent-directed activities where sociality, morality and local understandings of the world (Ochs & Shohet, 2006) are collaboratively re-created and enacted. This confirms the crucial role of everyday family meals as rich cultural sites (Ochs & Shohet, 2006) for reasserting moral attitudes of the family: participants learn moment by moment how to be competent actors that are able to choose between alternative courses of action and that can therefore be held accountable for their actions (Bergmann, 1998: 284). From this point of view, a dinner is paradigmatic of the deep moral sense that permeates the making of a family.     

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Romance Studies and Classics, Stockholm University, 2017. 92 p.
Series
Forskningsrapporter / Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för franska och italienska: cahiers de la recherche, ISSN 1654-1294 ; 57
Keyword
Italian, Swedish, talk-in-interaction, mealtime interaction, socialization, directives, social order, morality, agency
National Category
Languages and Literature Specific Languages Sociology Social Anthropology
Research subject
Italian
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-139068 (URN)978-91-7649-678-7 (ISBN)978-91-7649-679-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-03-24, Högbomsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 12, Stockholm, 10:00 (Italian)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-03-01 Created: 2017-02-02 Last updated: 2017-02-16Bibliographically approved

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