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Preparing for genocide: community work in Rwanda
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for International Economic Studies.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for International Economic Studies.
2015 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

How do political elites prepare the civilian population for participation in violent conflict? We empirically investigate this question using village-level data from the Rwandan genocide in 1994. Every Saturday before 1994, Rwandan villagers had to meet to work on community infrastructure, a practice called Umuganda. This practice was highly politicized and, in the years before the genocide, regularly used for spreading political propaganda. To establish causality, we exploit cross-sectional variation in meeting intensity induced by exogenous weather fluctuations. We find that an additional rainy Saturday resulted in a five percent lower civilian participation rate in genocide violence. These results pass a number of indirect tests of the exclusion restriction as well as other robustness checks and placebo tests.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Stockholm Institute of Transition Economics (SITE) , 2015. , 39 p.
Series
, SITE Working Paper Series, 31
Keyword [en]
conflict, rainfall
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-127435OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-127435DiVA: diva2:909172
Note

Also published as Department of Economics Working Paper Series, Uppsala University No 2015:1.

Available from: 2016-03-04 Created: 2016-03-04 Last updated: 2016-03-14Bibliographically approved

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Stryjan, Miri
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Institute for International Economic Studies
Economics

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ReferencesLink to record
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