Preparing for genocide: community work in Rwanda
2015 (English)Report (Other academic)
How do political elites prepare the civilian population for participation in violent conflict? We empirically investigate this question using village-level data from the Rwandan genocide in 1994. Every Saturday before 1994, Rwandan villagers had to meet to work on community infrastructure, a practice called Umuganda. This practice was highly politicized and, in the years before the genocide, regularly used for spreading political propaganda. To establish causality, we exploit cross-sectional variation in meeting intensity induced by exogenous weather fluctuations. We find that an additional rainy Saturday resulted in a five percent lower civilian participation rate in genocide violence. These results pass a number of indirect tests of the exclusion restriction as well as other robustness checks and placebo tests.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Stockholm Institute of Transition Economics (SITE) , 2015. , 39 p.
, SITE Working Paper Series, 31
Research subject Economics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-127435OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-127435DiVA: diva2:909172
Also published as Department of Economics Working Paper Series, Uppsala University No 2015:1.2016-03-042016-03-042016-03-14Bibliographically approved