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State of the Baltic Sea: Background paper
Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
2013 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The Baltic Sea is a complex ecosystem with a multitude of physical, chemical and biological interactions functioning on various temporal and spatial scales. The Baltic Sea is under severe stress as a result of the combination of a large human population in the catchment area, the environmental effects of anthropogenic activities and its special geographical, climatological and oceanographical characteristics. The environmental state is thus influenced by both natural and anthropogenic factors.

This Background Paper State of the Baltic Sea is one of eight Background Papers for the report "The Baltic Sea – Our Common Treasure. Economics of Saving the Sea" was published in March 2013, where methods and results from BalticSTERN research are described more in detail.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: Havs- och vattenmyndigheten , 2013. , 34 p.
, Havs- och vattenmyndighetens rapport, 2013:4
Keyword [en]
Baltic Sea, ecosystem services, eutrophication, environmental, Baltic Sea Action Plan, MSFD, GES Good Environmental Status, marine litter, hazardous substances, hypoxia, resilience, biodiversity, management, ecosystem approach, oil spills, invasive species, environmental targets, HELCOM, scenarios, climate change, fisheries
National Category
Research subject
Marine Ecology
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-127577ISBN: 978-91-87025-28-0OAI: diva2:910025
Swedish Agency for Marine and Water Management

Background paper to “The Baltic Sea – Our Common Treasure. Economics of Saving the Sea”

Available from: 2016-03-08 Created: 2016-03-08 Last updated: 2016-03-10Bibliographically approved

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Nekoro, Marmar
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