Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Traumatic and adverse attachment childhood experiences are not characteristic of OCD but of depression in adolescents
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Personality, Social and Developmental Psychology.
2016 (English)In: Child Psychiatry and Human Development, ISSN 0009-398X, E-ISSN 1573-3327, Vol. 47, no 2, 270-280 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We investigated whether adverse attachment experience might contribute to the development of obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD). We interviewed 100 adolescents, 25 each with primary OCD, depressive disorder (DD), OCD plus DD and general population controls (CTRs) using the adult attachment interview to assess attachment experiences (AEs), including traumatic and adverse AE (TAE). Adolescents with OCD, OCD+DD and DD had little evidence of secure base/safe haven parental behaviour and their childhood attachment needs judged to be rejected as compared to the controls. Overprotection was not characteristic of OCD, and parents using the child for their own needs (elevated levels of involving/role reversal) occurred only in DD, with low levels in OCD, OCD+DD and CTR. Traumatic experiences, often multiple, and/or attachment related were reported significantly more often in the DD group, and was less common in OCD+DD, CTR and particularly in the OCD group. In OCD, little TAE was reported and adverse AE were less serious and seem unlikely to contribute directly to OCD aetiology. In DD and to some degree in OCD+DD serious AE/TAE may have some etiological significance for the depressive states.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 47, no 2, 270-280 p.
Keyword [en]
school controls, attachment experience, adult attachment interview
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-127617DOI: 10.1007/s10578-015-0563-xISI: 000371606700010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-127617DiVA: diva2:910310
Available from: 2016-03-08 Created: 2016-03-08 Last updated: 2016-06-22Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Granqvist, Pehr
By organisation
Personality, Social and Developmental Psychology
In the same journal
Child Psychiatry and Human Development
Psychology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 73 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link