Joint Toxicity of Cadmium and Ionizing Radiation on Zooplankton Carbon Incorporation, Growth and Mobility
Number of Authors: 3
2016 (English)In: Environmental Science and Technology, ISSN 0013-936X, E-ISSN 1520-5851, Vol. 50, no 3, 1527-1535 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The risk of exposure to radioactive elements is seldom assessed considering mixture toxicity, potentially over-or underestimating biological and ecological effects on ecosystems. This study investigated'how three end points, carbon transfer between phytoplankton and Daphnia magna, D. magna mobility and growth, responded to exposure to gamma-radiation in combination with the heavy metal cadmium (Cd), using the MIXTOX approach. Observed effects were compared with mixture effects predicted by concentration addition (CA) and independent action (IA) models and with deviations for synergistic/antagonistic (S/A), dose-level (DL), and dose-ratio (DR) dependency interactions. Several patterns of response were observed depending on the end point tested. DL-dependent deviation from the IA model was observed for carbon incorporation with antagonism switching to synergism at higher doses, while the CA model indicated synergism, mainly driven by effects at high doses of gamma-radiation. CA detected= antagonism regarding acute immobilization, while IA predicted DR dependency. Both CA and IA also identified antagonism for daphnid growth. In general, effects of combinations of gamma-radiation and Cd seem to be antagonistic at lower doses, but synergistic at the higher range of.the doses tested. Our results highlight the importance of investigating the effects of exposure to gamma-radiation in a multistressor context.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 50, no 3, 1527-1535 p.
Environmental Engineering Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-127348DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.5b04684ISI: 000369471300052PubMedID: 26694520OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-127348DiVA: diva2:911292