Defect tolerant Co-Cr-Mo dental alloys prepared by selective laser melting
2015 (English)In: Dental Materials, ISSN 0109-5641, E-ISSN 1879-0097, Vol. 31, no 12, 1435-1444 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
CrCoMo alloy specimens were successfully fabricated using selective laser melting (SLM). The aim of this study was to carefully investigate microstructure of the SLM specimens in order to understand the influence of their structural features inter-grown on different length scales ranging from nano- to macro-levels on their mechanical properties.
Two different sets of processing parameters developed for building the inner part (core) and the surface (skin) of dental prostheses were tested. Microstructures were characterized by SEM, EBSD and XRD analysis. The elemental distribution was assessed by EDS line profile analysis under TEM. The mechanical properties of the specimens were measured.
The microstructures of both specimens were characterized showing formation of grains comprised of columnar sub-grains with Mo-enrichment at the sub-grain boundaries. Clusters of columnar sub-grains grew coherently along one common crystallographic direction forming much larger single crystal grains which are intercrossing in different directions forming an overall dendrite-like microstructure. Three types of microstructural defects were occasionally observed; small voids (<10 μm), fine cracks at grain boundaries (<10 μm) and cracks at weld line boundaries (>10 μm). Despite the presence of these defects, the yield and the ultimate tensile strength (UTS) were 870 and 430 MPa and 1300 MPa and 1160 MPa, respectively, for the skin and core specimens which are higher than casted dental alloy.
Although the formation of microstructural defects is hard to be avoided during the SLM process, the SLM CoCrMo alloys can achieve improved mechanical properties than their casted counterparts, implying they are “defect-tolerant”.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 31, no 12, 1435-1444 p.
SLM, Co-Cr-Mo dental alloy, Microstructure and defects, Mechanical properties
Research subject Materials Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-129048OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-129048DiVA: diva2:919270