Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Mitochondrial DNA variation in the Viking age population of Norway
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeological Research Laboratory. University of Oslo, Norway.
Show others and affiliations
2015 (English)In: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences, ISSN 0962-8436, E-ISSN 1471-2970, Vol. 370, no 1660Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The medieval Norsemen or Vikings had an important biological and cultural impact on many parts of Europe through raids, colonization and trade, from about AD 793 to 1066. To help understand the genetic affinities of the ancient Norsemen, and their genetic contribution to the gene pool of other Europeans, we analysed DNA markers in Late Iron Age skeletal remains from Norway. DNA was extracted from 80 individuals, and mitochondrial DNA polymorphisms were detected by next-generation sequencing. The sequences of 45 ancient Norwegians were verified as genuine through the identification of damage patterns characteristic of ancient DNA. The ancient Norwegians were genetically similar to previously analysed ancient Icelanders, and to present-day Shetland and Orkney Islanders, Norwegians, Swedes, Scots, English, German and French. The Viking Age population had higher frequencies of K*, U*, V* and I* haplogroups than their modern counterparts, but a lower proportion of T* and H* haplogroups. Three individuals carried haplotypes that are rare in Norway today (U5b1b1, Hg A* and an uncommon variant of H*). Our combined analyses indicate that Norse women were important agents in the overseas expansion and settlement of the Vikings, and that women from the Orkneys and Western Isles contributed to the colonization of Iceland.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 370, no 1660
National Category
Biological Sciences History and Archaeology
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-129462DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2013.0384PubMedID: 25487335OAI: diva2:922392
Available from: 2016-04-22 Created: 2016-04-22 Last updated: 2016-04-22Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Krzewińska, MajaGötherström, Anders
By organisation
Archaeological Research Laboratory
In the same journal
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences
Biological SciencesHistory and Archaeology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 9 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link