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Induction of cytosolic and microsomal epoxide hydrolases in mouse liver by peroxisome proliferators, with special emphasis on structural analogues of 2-ethylhexanoic acid.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.
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1988 (English)In: Chemico-Biological Interactions, ISSN 0009-2797, E-ISSN 1872-7786, Vol. 68, no 3-4Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Using dietary administration, mice were exposed to eight substances known to cause peroxisome proliferation (i.e. clofibrate clofibric acid, 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid, nafenopin, ICI-55.897, S-8527 and Wy-14.643) or the related substance p-chlorophenoxyacetic acid (group A). Other animals received di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate, mono(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate, 2-ethylhexanoic acid, or one of 12 other metabolically and/or structurally related compounds (group B). The effects of these treatments on liver cytosolic and microsomal epoxide hydrolases, microsomal cytochrome P-450, cytosolic glutathione transferase activity, the liver-somatic index and the protein contents of the microsomal and cytosolic fractions prepared from liver were subsequently monitored. In general, peroxisome proliferation was accompanied by increases in cytosolic epoxide hydrolase activity. Many peroxisome proliferators also caused increases in microsomal epoxide hydrolase activity, although the correlation was poorer in this case. Immunochemical quantitation by radial immunodiffusion demonstrated that the increases observed in both of these enzyme activities reflected equivalent increases in enzyme protein, i.e. that induction truly occurred. Induction of total microsomal cytochrome P-450 was obtained after dietary exposure to clofibrate, clofibric acid, 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid, nafenopin, Wy-14.643, di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate and di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate. The most pronounced effects on cytosolic glutathione transferase activity were the decreases obtained after treatment with clofibrate, clofibric acid and Wy-14.643. Our results, together with those reported by others, suggest that the processes of peroxisome proliferation and induction of cytosolic epoxide hydrolase are intimately related. One possible explanation for this is presented.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1988. Vol. 68, no 3-4
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Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
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URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-129554PubMedID: 3214886OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-129554DiVA, id: diva2:923100
Available from: 2016-04-25 Created: 2016-04-25 Last updated: 2017-11-30

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