Mimicking respiratory phosphorylation using purified enzymes
Number of Authors: 4
2016 (English)In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics, ISSN 0005-2728, E-ISSN 1879-2650, Vol. 1857, no 4, 321-331 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The enzymes of oxidative phosphorylation is a striking example of the functional association of multiple enzyme complexes, working together to form ATP from cellular reducing equivalents. These complexes, such as cytochrome c oxidase or the ATP synthase, are typically investigated individually and therefore, their functional interplay is not well understood. Here, we present methodology that allows the co-reconstitution of purified terminal oxidases and ATP synthases in synthetic liposomes. The enzymes are functionally coupled via proton translocation where upon addition of reducing equivalents the oxidase creates and maintains a transmembrane electrochemical proton gradient that energizes the synthesis of ATP by the F1F0 ATP synthase. The method has been tested with the ATP synthases from Escherichia coli and spinach chloroplasts, and with the quinol and cytochrome c oxidases from E. coli and Rhodobacter sphaeroides, respectively. Unlike in experiments with the ATP synthase reconstituted alone, the setup allows in vitro ATP synthesis under steady state conditions, with rates up to 90 ATP x s(-1) x enzyme(-1). We have also used the novel system to study the phenomenon of mild uncoupling as observed in mitochondria upon addition of low concentrations of ionophores (e.g. FCCP, SF6847) and the recoupling effect of 6-ketocholestanol. While we could reproduce the described effects, our data with the in vitro system does not support the idea of a direct interaction between a mitochondrial protein and the uncoupling agents as proposed earlier.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 1857, no 4, 321-331 p.
ATP synthesis, Respiratory chain, Liposomes, Mild uncoupling, Ionophore, Lateral proton diffusion
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-129914DOI: 10.1016/j.bbabio.2015.12.007ISI: 000372675600001PubMedID: 26707617OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-129914DiVA: diva2:925778