Childhood living conditions, education and health among the oldest old in Sweden
Number of Authors: 2
2016 (English)In: Ageing & Society, ISSN 0144-686X, E-ISSN 1469-1779, Vol. 36, no 3, 631-648 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The objectives were to investigate the associations between social and financial living conditions in childhood, education and morbidity in old age. The study population (N = 591; 76+ years old) was assembled from two nationally representative Swedish surveys, in 1968 and 2011, that together made longitudinal analysis possible. Morbidity in old age comprised self-reported measures of musculoskeletal disorders, cardiovascular disease, self-rated health and impaired mobility. There were no independent associations between adverse childhood living conditions and morbidity. However, adverse childhood living conditions were associated with an increased likelihood of low education. Moreover, low education was associated with a higher probability of health problems in old age. The results did not show any associations between adverse childhood conditions and late-life morbidity. However, adverse childhood conditions were associated with lower levels of education which, in turn, was associated with health problems and attrition from the study. These results suggest that adverse childhood conditions may indeed be associated with health and survival in old age, but mainly through mechanisms acting earlier in the lifecourse.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 36, no 3, 631-648 p.
childhood living conditions, lifecourse, education, old age, morbidity, health
Gerontology, specializing in Medical and Health Sciences Geriatrics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-129701DOI: 10.1017/S0144686X14001470ISI: 000372516700008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-129701DiVA: diva2:926083