Extensive organohalogen contamination in wildlife from a site in the Yangtze River Delta
Number of Authors: 10
2016 (English)In: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026, Vol. 554, 320-328 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The environmental and human health concerns for organohalogen contaminants (OHCs) extend beyond the 23 persistent organic pollutants (POPs) regulated by the Stockholm Convention. The current, intense industrial production and use of chemicals in China and their bioaccumulation makes Chinese wildlife highly suitable for the assessment of legacy, novel and emerging environmental pollutants. In the present study, six species of amphibians, fish and birds were sampled from paddy fields in the Yangtze River Delta (YRD) were screened for OHCs. Some extensive contamination was found, both regarding number and concentrations of the analytes, among the species assessed. High concentrations of chlorinated paraffins were found in the snake, Short-tailed mamushi (range of 200-340 mu g g(-1) lw), Peregrine falcon (8-59 mu g g(-1) lw) and Asiatic toad (97 mu g g(-1) lw). Novel contaminants and patterns were observed; octaCBs to decaCB made up 20% of the total polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) content in the samples and new OHCs, substituted with 5-8 chlorines, were found but are not yet structurally confirmed. In addition, Dechlorane 602 (DDC-DBF) and numerous other OHCs (DDTs, hexachlorocyclohexanes (HCHs), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), hexbromocyclododecane (HBCDD), chlordane, heptachlor, endosulfan and Mirex) were found in all species analyzed. These data show extensive chemical contamination of wildlife in the YRD with a suite of OHCs with both known and unknown toxicities, calling for further indepth studies.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 554, 320-328 p.
Wildlife, Chlorinated paraffins (CPs), Persistent organic pollutants (POPs), Emerging contaminants, Yangtze River Delta
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Research subject Environmental Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-129886DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.02.176ISI: 000373274700035PubMedID: 26956179OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-129886DiVA: diva2:926428