Educational mismatch and health status among foreign-born workers in Sweden
Number of Authors: 3
2016 (English)In: Social Science and Medicine, ISSN 0277-9536, E-ISSN 1873-5347, Vol. 154, 36-44 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Foreign-born workers have been shown to experience poorer working conditions than native-born workers. Yet relationships between health and educational mismatch have been largely overlooked among foreign-born workers. This study uses objective and self-reported measures of educational mismatch to compare the prevalence of educational mismatch among native (n = 2359) and foreign born (n = 1789) workers in Sweden and to examine associations between educational mismatch and poor self-rated health. Findings from weighted multivariate logistic regression which controlled for social position and individual-level demographic characteristics suggested that over-educated foreign-born workers had greater odds ratios for poor-self rated health compared to native-born matched workers. This association was particularly evident among men (OR = 2.14, 95% CI: 1.04-4.39) and women (OR = 2.13, 95% CI: 1.12-4.03) from countries outside of Western Europe, North America, and Australia/New Zealand. Associations between under-education and poor-self rated health were also found among women from countries outside of Western Europe, North America, and Australia/New Zealand (OR = 2.02, 95% CI: 1.27-3.18). These findings suggest that educational mismatch may be an important work-related social determinant of health among foreign-born workers. Future studies are needed to examine the effects of long-term versus short-term states of educational mismatch on health and to study relationships over time.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 154, 36-44 p.
Sweden, Immigrant health, Employment, Over-education, Under-education, Health inequalities
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-130194DOI: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2016.02.018ISI: 000374073400005PubMedID: 26943012OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-130194DiVA: diva2:926809