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Ability Grouping’s Effects on Grades and the Attainment of Higher Education – A Natural Experiment
Stockholm University.
2016 (English)In: Sociology of education, ISSN 0038-0407, E-ISSN 1939-8573, Vol. 89, 118-136 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
Abstract [en]

To test the effect of ability grouping on grades and the attainment of higher education, this study examines a naturally occuring experiment—an admission reform that dramatically increased ability sorting between schools in the municipality of Stockholm. Following six cohorts of students (N = 79,020) from the age of 16 to 26, I find a mean effect close to zero and small positive and negative differentiating effects on grades. With regard to the attainment of higher education, I find a mean effect close to zero, the achievement-group gap was unaffected, the immigrant–native gap increased, and the class-background gap decreased. These results are consistent with much previous research that has found small mean effects of ability grouping. They are inconsistent with previous research, however, in that I find ability grouping’s effects on gaps are rather small and point in different directions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 89, 118-136 p.
Keyword [en]
ability sorting, educational attainment, grades, natural experiment, social class, migration
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-130357DOI: 10.1177/0038040716642498OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-130357DiVA: diva2:929360
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, Dnr. 2011-0968
Available from: 2016-05-18 Created: 2016-05-18 Last updated: 2016-05-18

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ReferencesLink to record
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