Negation in Mongolic
2015 (English)In: Suomalais-Ugrilaisen Seuran Aikakauskirja / Journal de la Société Finno-Ougrienne, ISSN 0355-0214, Vol. 95, 67-136 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This paper attempts to give a functional overview of negation in the Mongolic language family. In Early Middle Mongol, standard, prohibitive and perhaps ascriptive negation were coded by the preverbal negators ese for perfective/past, ülü for imperfective/nonpastand büü for most moods including imperatives. It contrasted with the locative existential-possessive negator ügei, which could also negate results and constituents. In most modern Mongolic languages, ügei made inroads into standard and ascriptivenegation, competing with busi ‘other’ for ascriptive negation starting from Late Middle Mongol. Possessive constructions, while always based on ügei, are expressed through arange of different syntactic patterns, and a new locative-existential negator alga developedin one area. Newly developed verbal negators include the broadly used formerresultative verbal negator -üüdei, and -sh, a more restricted reflex of busi. The change of negator position had consequences for its scope and interaction with other categories,which are discussed in some detail for Khalkha. While prohibitives always remained preverbal, preventives emerged from declaratives, acquiring modal characteristics.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 95, 67-136 p.
Negation, Mongolian, Mongolic
Research subject Linguistics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-130732OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-130732DiVA: diva2:932732