Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Training-induced changes in subsequent-memory effects: No major differences among children, younger adults, and older adults
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Aging Research Center (ARC), (together with KI). Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Germany.
Show others and affiliations
Number of Authors: 5
2016 (English)In: NeuroImage, ISSN 1053-8119, E-ISSN 1095-9572, Vol. 131, 214-225 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The neural correlates of encoding mode, or the state of forming new memory episodes, have been found to change with age and mnemonic training. However, it is unclear whether neural correlates of encoding success, termed subsequent-memory (SM) effects, also differ by age and mnemonic skill. In a multi-session training study, we investigated whether SM effects are altered by instruction and training in a mnemonic skill, and whether such alterations differ among children, younger adults, and older adults. Before and after strategy training, fMRI data were collected while participants were memorizing word pairs. In all age groups, participants receiving training showed greater performance gains than control group participants. Analysis of task-relevant regions showed training-induced reductions in SM effects in left frontal regions. Reductions in SM effects largely generalized across age and primarily reflected greater training-induced activation increases for omissions than for remembered items, indicating that training resulted in more consistent use of the mnemonic strategy. The present results reveal no major age differences in SM effects in children, younger adults, and older adults.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 131, 214-225 p.
Keyword [en]
Episodic memory, Training, Subsequent-memory effect, Functional magnetic resonance imaging, Lifespan
National Category
Neurosciences Neurology Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-130639DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2015.11.074ISI: 000374635200022OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-130639DiVA: diva2:932922
Available from: 2016-06-02 Created: 2016-05-27 Last updated: 2016-06-02Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text
By organisation
Aging Research Center (ARC), (together with KI)
In the same journal
NeuroImage
NeurosciencesNeurologyRadiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 14 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link