Health differences between employees in human service professions and other professions: The impact of psychosocial and organizational work environment
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
While recent publications indicate that employees in human service professions have higher risk of sickness absence and mental ill-health, little is known about the association with other health outcomes and possible mechanisms behind the differential risk. This study investigates differences in burnout, self-rated health and sickness absence between those in human service professions and other professions and examines whether differences in psychosocial and organizational work environment can explain possible variations. Data were derived from the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health (SLOSH), an approximately representative sample of the Swedish working population (n=4486). Results from binary logistic regressions suggested that those in human service professions had higher odds of burnout and sickness absence those in other professions. Differences in burnout were explained by background variables while differences in sickness absence were explained by psychosocial and organizational work factors. Employees in human service professions had lower odds of suboptimal self-rated health than others in the fully adjusted model. Women were at higher risk of burnout, sickness absence, and all adverse psychosocial and organizational work environment factors except social support. Future studies should investigate the most crucial psychosocial and organizational work factors in human service professions with the objective to improve employee health.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 44 p.
human service professions, burnout, self-rated health, sickness absence, psychosocial and organizational work environment, occupational health
kontaktyrken, utbrändhet, självskattad hälsa, sjukfrånvaro, psykosocial och organisatorisk arbetsmiljö
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-131131OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-131131DiVA: diva2:936291
Toivanen, Susanna, Associate Professor of SociologyNyberg, Anna, Researcher, Chartered Psychologist, PhD
Rostila, Mikael, Professor of Public Health Science especially Social Epidemiology