3-Dimensional porous nanocomposite scaffolds based on cellulose nanofibers for cartilage tissue engineering: tailoring of porosity and mechanical performance
Number of Authors: 6
2016 (English)In: RSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069, E-ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 6, no 8, 5999-6007 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Fully bio-based 3-dimensional porous scaffolds based on freeze-dried cellulose nanofibers (70-90 wt%) stabilized using a genipin crosslinked matrix of gelatin and chitosan were prepared. Morphology studies using scanning electron microscopy showed that the scaffolds have interconnected pores with average pore diameters of 75-200 mu m and nanoscaled pore wall roughness, both favorable for cell interactions with cartilage repair. X-ray tomography confirmed the 3-dimensional homogeneity and interconnectivity of the pores as well as the fibrillar structure of the scaffolds. The compression modulus of the scaffolds (1-3 MPa) at room conditions was higher than natural cartilage (approximate to 1 MPa). The lowered compression modulus of 10-60 kPa in phosphate buffered saline (PBS) at 37 degrees C was considered favorable for chondrogenesis. The current study therefore successfully addressed the challenge of tailoring the pore structure and mechanical properties simultaneously for cartilage regeneration. Furthermore, the scaffolds' high porosity (approximate to 95%), high PBS uptake and good cytocompatibility towards chondrocytes are considered beneficial for cell attachment and extracellular matrix (ECM) production.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 6, no 8, 5999-6007 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-127294DOI: 10.1039/c5ra27246gISI: 000368858000002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-127294DiVA: diva2:942343