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Thermonuclear detonations ensuing white dwarf mergers
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Number of Authors: 5
2015 (English)In: Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, ISSN 0035-8711, E-ISSN 1365-2966, Vol. 454, no 4, 4411-4428 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The merger of two white dwarfs (WDs) has for many years not been considered as the favoured model for the progenitor system of Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia). But recent years have seen a change of opinion as a number of studies, both observational and theoretical, have concluded that they should contribute significantly to the observed SN Ia rate. In this paper, we study the ignition and propagation of detonation through post-merger remnants and we follow the resulting nucleosynthesis up to the point where a homologous expansion is reached. In our study we cover the entire range of WD masses and compositions. For the emergence of a detonation we study three different setups. The first two are guided by the merger remnants from our earlier simulations, while for the third one the ignitions were set by placing hotspots with properties determined by spatially resolved calculations taken from the literature. There are some caveats to our approach which we investigate. We carefully compare the nucleosynthetic yields of successful explosions with SN Ia observations. Only three of our models are consistent with all the imposed constraints and potentially lead to a standard Type Ia event. The first one, a 0.45 M-circle dot helium (He) + 0.9 M-circle dot carbon-oxygen (CO) WD system produces a sub-luminous, SN 1991bg-like event while the other two, a 0.45M(circle dot) He+1.1 M-circle dot oxygen-neon WD system and a 1.05 + 1.05 M-circle dot system with two CO WDs, are good candidates for common SNe Ia.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 454, no 4, 4411-4428 p.
Keyword [en]
accretion, accretion discs, hydrodynamics, nuclear reactions, nucleosynthesis, abundances, supernovae: general, white dwarfs
National Category
Physical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-126786DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stv2289ISI: 000368001600083OAI: diva2:943902
Available from: 2016-06-28 Created: 2016-02-15 Last updated: 2016-06-28Bibliographically approved

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Rosswog, Stephan
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The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC)
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