Non-target time trend screening: a data reduction strategy for detecting emerging contaminants in biological samples
Number of Authors: 4
2016 (English)In: Analusis, ISSN 1618-2642, E-ISSN 1618-2650, Vol. 408, no 16, 4203-4208 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Non-targeted mass spectrometry-based approaches for detecting novel xenobiotics in biological samples are hampered by the occurrence of naturally fluctuating endogenous substances, which are difficult to distinguish from environmental contaminants. Here, we investigate a data reduction strategy for datasets derived from a biological time series. The objective is to flag reoccurring peaks in the time series based on increasing peak intensities, thereby reducing peak lists to only those which may be associated with emerging bioaccumulative contaminants. As a result, compounds with increasing concentrations are flagged while compounds displaying random, decreasing, or steady-state time trends are removed. As an initial proof of concept, we created artificial time trends by fortifying human whole blood samples with isotopically labelled standards. Different scenarios were investigated: eight model compounds had a continuously increasing trend in the last two to nine time points, and four model compounds had a trend that reached steady state after an initial increase. Each time series was investigated at three fortification levels and one unfortified series. Following extraction, analysis by ultra performance liquid chromatography high-resolution mass spectrometry, and data processing, a total of 21,700 aligned peaks were obtained. Peaks displaying an increasing trend were filtered from randomly fluctuating peaks using time trend ratios and Spearman's rank correlation coefficients. The first approach was successful in flagging model compounds spiked at only two to three time points, while the latter approach resulted in all model compounds ranking in the top 11 % of the peak lists. Compared to initial peak lists, a combination of both approaches reduced the size of datasets by 80-85 %. Overall, non-target time trend screening represents a promising data reduction strategy for identifying emerging bioaccumulative contaminants in biological samples.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 408, no 16, 4203-4208 p.
Biological samples, Non-target screening, Data processing, Time trend filtering, Emerging environmental pollutants
Biological Sciences Chemical Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-132044DOI: 10.1007/s00216-016-9563-3ISI: 000376456300001PubMedID: 27117254OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-132044DiVA: diva2:949444