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Energy and lipid metabolism during direct and diapause development in a pierid butterfly
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Zoology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8344-6830
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Zoology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6987-5839
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Zoology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7262-6091
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Zoology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9190-6873
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2016 (English)In: Journal of Experimental Biology, ISSN 0022-0949, E-ISSN 1477-9145Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Diapause is a fundamental component of the life-cycle in the majority of insects living in environments characterized by strong seasonality. The present study addresses poorly understood associations and trade-offs between endogenous diapause duration, thermal sensitivity of development, energetic cost of development and cold tolerance. Diapause intensity, metabolic rate trajectories and lipid profiles of directly developing and diapausing animals were studied using pupae and adults of Pieris napi butterflies from a population for which endogenous diapause is well studied. Endogenous diapause was terminated after 3 months and termination required chilling. Metabolic and postdiapause development rates increased with diapause duration, while the metabolic cost of postdiapause development decreased, indicating that once diapause is terminated development proceeds at a low rate even at low temperature. Diapausing pupae had larger lipid stores than the directly developing pupae and lipids constituted the primary energy source during diapause. However, during diapause lipid stores did not decrease. Thus, despite lipid catabolism meeting the low energy costs of the diapausing pupae, primary lipid store utilization did not occur until the onset of growth and metamorphosis in spring. In line with this finding, diapausing pupae contained low amounts of mitochondria-derived cardiolipins, which suggests a low capacity for fatty acid β-oxidation. While ontogenic development had a large effect on lipid and fatty acid profiles, only small changes in these were seen during diapause. The data therefore indicate that the diapause lipidomic phenotype is built early, when pupae are still at high temperature, and retained until diapause post-diapause development.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016.
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Biological Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-132176DOI: 10.1242/jeb.142687PubMedID: 27445351OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-132176DiVA: diva2:950064
Available from: 2016-07-27 Created: 2016-07-27 Last updated: 2016-09-14

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Lehmann, PhilippPruisscher, PeterPosledovich, DianaCarlsson, MikaelNylin, SörenWheat, Christopher W.Wiklund, ChristerGotthard, Karl
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Journal of Experimental Biology
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